The Date for Super Saturday By-Elections now set for July 28

For the Federal Electorate of Longman a 3 way battle between One Nation, The LNP or Labor as well as four other by-elections will be held on July 28, but this time around, all candidates will be asked to declare their family history and other personal details in the hopes of ending the constitutional crisis once and for all.

The dual national citizenship crisis which has plagued the government has now resulted in an unprecedented number of polls held on the same day, but was made necessary when four MPs resigned over dual citizenship just days after another announced he was leaving Parliament for family reasons.

A ReachTEL poll held on the 10th of May on two-party preferred had the LNP ahead 53% to Labor 47% leading up to the By-Election

So far it has taken more than two weeks for the date to be announced, because the Government has been finalising measures to ensure Parliament does not witness another exodus of politicians.

As part of the background to this ongoing story, Section 44 of the constitution sets out five categories that determine who can be a candidate for the federal parliament and who cannot — including anyone who holds dual citizenship.

Fifteen politicians have been forced to leave Parliament due to citizenship problems, while another two left as a result of criminal history and financial dealings.

In the hopes of ending the section 44 saga, prospective politicians contesting the upcoming by-elections will be asked to fill out a new form about their family history and any criminal convictions they have.

Special Minister of State Mathias Cormann said he wrote to all party leaders and crossbenchers outlining what the Government was intending to do, following a report by a parliamentary committee.

Under the new regulation, candidates would be required to complete a checklist to ensure they meet the requirements of section 44.

"[This] would be consistent with the information that is currently requested from all current members and senators for inclusion on the citizenship register as well as other potential disqualifications under section 44 of the constitution," Senator Cormann said.

The document would be uploaded to the Australian Electoral Commission website for anyone to examine.

Senator Cormann said there would be no penalty if the form was not completed, but that he was confident there was a clear incentive for candidates to comply.

"If a candidate cannot provide the necessary information … then obviously that will become an item for discussion and scrutiny," he said.

"We have decided to move now to improve the existing candidate nomination process for elections in accordance with the relevant unanimous recommendations of the parliamentary committee."

So who's contesting the by-elections under these new rules?

The by-elections will take place in Braddon, Longman, Perth, Mayo and Fremantle.

Labor is hoping to hold four of the five seats up for grabs, but it is facing a major battle in two of those elections: Braddon and Longman.

The two West Australian seats are almost certain to be held by Labor as the Liberals have declared they will not run in either Perth or Fremantle.

The Liberals are hopeful of winning the seat of Mayo in the Adelaide Hills with Georgina Downer as their candidate against former member Rebekha Sharkie.

Ms Sharkie represented the Centre Alliance, formerly the Nick Xenophon Team, before she quit over dual citizenship.

Ms Downer is a corporate lawyer and diplomat, and her father Alexander Downer won Mayo nine times before he resigned in 2008.

Federal Labor has said it will run a candidate but has not confirmed who it will choose.

In the extremely marginal Queensland seat of Longman, Susan Lamb is recontesting for the ALP against former LNP state MP Trevor Ruthenberg.

One Nation preferences could play a crucial role in deciding the outcome in a seat Ms Lamb won by just 1,390 votes.

One Nation's candidate is Caboolture businessman Matthew Stephen.

Two former MPs are battling for Braddon in Tasmania's North West — Labor's Justine Keay and Liberal Brett Whiteley.

Ms Keay quit over dual citizenship this month. She defeated Mr Whiteley in the 2016 federal election.

A government has only won a seat from an opposition in a by-election once — under extraordinary circumstances in 1920.

That has been part of the justification for the WA Liberals' decision to avoid the contest in the two seats in that state.

"We have limited resources and we also know that the seat of Perth is a Labor stronghold," Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said.

In Fremantle, Josh Wilson will run again for the ALP after resigning over dual citizenship.

The ALP has chosen Patrick Gorman for the safe Labor seat of Perth.

Mr Gorman had been Labor's state secretary in WA and was previously an adviser to prime minister Kevin Rudd.

The Perth by-election is the only poll not caused by dual citizenship.

That poll will fill the vacancy caused by former Labor frontbencher Tim Hammond, who resigned for family reasons.

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